Cop28 landmark deal agreed to ‘transition away’ from fossil fuels

(The Guardian, 14 Dec 2023) Summit president hails ‘historic package to accelerate climate action’ but critics decry ‘litany of loopholes’ in final text

Nearly 200 countries at the Cop28 climate summit have agreed to a deal that for the first time calls on all nations to transition away from fossil fuels to avert the worst effects of climate change.

After two weeks of at times fractious negotiations in the United Arab Emirates, the agreement was quickly gavelled through by the Cop28 president, Sultan Al Jaber, on Wednesday morning. He received an ovation from delegates and a hug from the UN climate chief, Simon Stiell.

Despite the urging of more than 130 countries and scientists and civil society groups, the agreement did not include an explicit commitment to phase out or even phase down fossil fuels.

Instead, it reached a compromise that called on countries to contribute to global efforts to transition “away from fossil fuels in energy systems in a just, orderly and equitable manner, accelerating action in this critical decade, so as to achieve net zero by 2050 in keeping with the science”.

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The Guardian, 14 Dec 2023: Cop28 landmark deal agreed to ‘transition away’ from fossil fuels