Spain’s new Energy and Climate Plan: facts, figures and recommendations for transport
(Transport and Environment, 26 Oct 2023) Spainʼs NECP would deliver strong emissions reductions in 2030 outperforming its national climate target set under EU law.
Spain is on the right path to clean transport’s energy via electrification and to make the transport system more energy efficient through modal shift and less mobility. However, some room for improvement remains.
Spain has wisely included in the draft NECP the decision of eliminating soy and palm biofuels in 2025 but it still has to be approved.It is also setting lower caps on first generation biofuels and opting to electrify transport.
However, the NECP wrongly maintains that the road freight sector is a difficult sector to decarbonise through direct electrification, which is flatly wrong. In addition, it still relies on LNG and biomethane for ships undermining the national e-ammonia and e-methanol production potential.
There is insufficient evidence that the planned measures will enable Spain to catch-up with delays accumulated in the electrification of road transport.