Why the COP28 deal on fossil fuels will push a ‘just transition’

(Context, 19 Dec 2023) As governments agree to move away from coal, oil and gas for energy, countries and workers who depend on them will need support to go green.

The hard-won agreement at the COP28 climate summit to transition away from fossil fuels for energy was heralded as the "beginning of the end" for the production and use of oil, coal and gas, and a key step in limiting global warming.

But what does that mean for workers whose jobs and incomes depend on extracting polluting fuels from the ground, or burning them in power plants?

From coal miners to offshore oil rig engineers, the 32 million people who work in the fossil fuel industry face losing their livelihoods over time as the global energy mix turns greener and the share of renewables - like solar and wind - grows.

This, experts warn, could cause a backlash against the shift to low-carbon economies unless efforts are made to cushion the blow to workers and communities, and ensure they can access new green employment opportunities and acquire new skills

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Context, 19 Dec 2023: Why the COP28 deal on fossil fuels will push a ‘just transition’